The new Effect of Kurdish and you can Turkish for the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect from Persian Azerbaijan additionally the Surrounding Nations

The new Effect of Kurdish and you can Turkish for the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect from Persian Azerbaijan additionally the Surrounding Nations

—–. 1989. This new Sentence structure and you will Semantics out-of Verb Morphology inside the Modern Aramaic: A good Jewish Dialect regarding Iraqi Kurdistan. Western Oriental Show, 69. The Haven: American Chinese language Society.

Meehan, Charles, and you can Jacqueline Alon. 1979. The latest Guy Whose Tunic Trapped so you’re able to Him: A great Folktale regarding Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Zakho (Iraqi Kurdistan). Israel Chinese language Studies 9:174-203.

Sabar, Yona. 1976. Lel-Huza: Tale and you can History into the a pattern out of Lamentations into the Ninth out-of Ab on the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect out of Zakho. JSS -62.

—–. 1988. The publication out of Exodus during the Neo-Aramaic regarding Dialect of your Jewish People off Zakho [Hebrew]. Jerusalem: Magnes Drive.

These six binyanim out of Syriac was in fact low in NENA to two basic groups, that have a third directly allied with the second

Thomason, Sarah Grey, and you will Terrence Kaufman. 1988. Vocabulary Contact, Creolization, and you can Hereditary Linguistics. Berkeley and you may Los angeles: Univ. out-of Ca Force.

The initial class comes from the fresh peal, another category in the pael, together with 3rd, whoever vocalism follows regarding the following, is derived from the fresh afel

Various other basis complicating the problem is the differential affects of one’s certain co-territorial dialects. This new dialect differences in this Kurdish have become significant, and to its effect shall be traced a few of the adaptation one of NENA languages. Like, the Jewish Neo-Aramaic out-of Halabja, such as the Kurdish of city, will not distinguish a present and you can upcoming demanding, but in which Kurdish maintains such as a distinction, so does Neo-Aramaic. From inside the Azerbaijan, Turkish provides exerted solid effect on the latest Jewish dialect (Garbell 1965b), together with dialects of one’s ordinary off Mosul reveal a powerful influence away from Arabic perhaps not seen elsewhere.

Tkhuma (Tx): The text out-of descendants of emigrants in one of semi-separate ashirets out-of the southern area of Poultry, now citizen along side Khabur Valley for the Syria. Information is away from Jacobi (1973) and you can my cards.

(5) Syriac had around three first spoken stems, brand new peal, new pael, additionally the afel. To the had been additional around three inactive stems, formed regarding the first of those by prefixation regarding age[Theta]-: the e[Theta]pael, the latest e[Theta]paal, and ettafal. This case exists during the NENA. For the majority NENA languages, verbs will stay static in the brand new verb categories in which they certainly were found in prior to grade of one’s language. That is, the newest descendant regarding an effective Syriac peal verb will be a beneficial NENA Group I verb, and you will an effective Syriac pael verb is a NENA Category II verb: for example, Urmi ptaxa ‘open’ out-of prior to peal, and you can sadure ‘send’ off earlier pael. But not, in Jewish Azerbaijani, Halabja, and perhaps Koy Sanjaq, the category subscription has been reorganized that is predictable for the base of the model of the brand new stalk in lieu of its historical resource. Particularly, inside Azerbaijani this new C stem provides the means CaCoC- to possess voice verbs, whichever the provider, and you may CCaC- getting center-weak verbs: garosen ‘I am pulling’, however, kwasan ‘I (f.) was descending’ (Garbell 1965, 64).

(11) Some other extremely tall creativity when you look at the NENA is the third people copula having l: ile ‘he is’, ila ‘she is’. This type will get derive (Noldeke 1868, 203) away from i[Theta] leh ‘he has’, but no copula want it is situated exterior NENA. The original and 2nd person lack a keen l, except inside the Jewish Azerbaijani, where l has been general through the paradigm: Jilu iwIt ‘you (masc.) are’, Aradhin i:win ‘I (masc.) am’, Azerbai big’ (Garbell 1965, 64). ile is found during the NENA except inside the Halabja, with -(y)e: yarxa rahamim-ye ‘it ‘s the times away from mercy’. Neither Turoyo nor Mandaic enjoys versions synchronous to help you ile: Turoyo harke-yo ‘he was here’, harke-zero ‘I have always been here’; Mandaic basim-ye ‘he is charming’, basim-na ‘I am charming’ (Macuch 1965, 443).

(19) The existing Aramaic word to own ‘son’, bra for the BT, might have been expanded throughout NENA but Hertevin from the inclusion of diminutive suffix -ona/-una: Azerbaijan Jewish brona (Garbell 1965, 297), Jilu bruna (Fox 1992, 51), Aradhin bru:na (Krotkoff 1982, 122), Tisqopa brona (Rubba, personal communications), Zakho brona (Meehan and you can Alon 1979, 177). not, each other Turoyo and Mandaic enjoys an epenthetic vowel, but zero suffix: Turoyo ?abro (Jastrow 1985, 221), and Mandaic eber otherwise ebra (Macuch 1965, 520).

b) Oftentimes, Hertevin aligns with Turoyo, contrary to the remainder of NENA. It does not have an excellent CCaCa expose demanding (6), does not have any sodir preterite (12), doesn’t have preposition ta (15), and spends ruh to make reflexive pronouns (14).

—–. 1965. The latest Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect regarding Persian Azerbaijan: Linguistic Studies and Folkloristic Messages. Janua Linguarum, collection practica step 3. The new Hague: Mouton.